Dr. Maria Montessori
The Montessori Method of Education was introduced by Dr. Maria Montessori, the first female physician in Italy. She was an Italian physician, educator, philosopher, and three-time Nobel Price nominee. She spent many years observing and working with children to establish a new method of education that allow children to follow their natural interest for learning. Montessori recognized that children go through different phases and in each phase they are focused on mastering certain skills. By catering to their needs at each developmental stage helps them to learn better. She revealed that the freedom to choose what to do and the opportunity for repetition to help children master the skills that the children are focused on. She emphasized a prepared environment where children are exposed to a variety of developmental activities to achieve independence and adapt to their culture. She once said “Free the child’s potential, and you will transform him into the world”.
In early 1907 Dr. Montessori started the first “Children’s House” which is called “Casa dei Bambini” in San Lorenzo, Italy. The first “Casa dei Bambini” formed the basis of what was later called the Montessori Method.The success in Italy with the children’s House, Her ideas and understanding of the child psyche began to spread to other parts of the world. The first Montessori school in the United States was established Tarrytown, New York in the year 1912 and in other regions of the world, such as Europe and India.
She created Teacher Training Courses with the help of her son Mario Montessori. Dr. Maria Montessori lived out the remainder of her life in the Netherlands, which is now the headquarters of the Association Montessori Internationale (AMI). She passed way in the Netherlands in 1952 after a lifetime devoted to the study of child development.
“Education is a natural process carried out by the human individual, and is acquired not by listening to words, but by experiences in the environment” Dr.Maria Montessori.